Corruption in Italy

According to research conducted by the European Commission on the issue of corruption in EU countries showed that 
corruption has a strong presence in Italy. Placing, in the ranking Italy among the first countries that have this problem, 
followed by Greece, Romania and Bulgaria. The Italian government has tried to combat corruption, introducing the law 
N190 of 6 November 2012. In the law there are “provisions 
for the presence and the regression of corruption and lawlessness in Public Administration” (Page 37). The key points of 
the law are: 1) prevention, ie, identify the areas most at risk 
E ‘should therefore draw up plans that involve solutions. Propose policies and prevention tools;
2) Introduce measures that are able to ensure the integrity of 
public officials;
3) Greater transparency;
4) protect, Whisteblowing.
The effectiveness of these innovations depends on the degree 
of awareness of public employees and stake Horder the phenomenon of corruption.
According to the data provided by Transparency International. 
Italy is at the sixty-ninth place, near Greece, Romania.
The areas most vulnerable to climate change are: justice, 
health and public spending.
(Illegality of waste)
A problem felt in Italy is illegal waste. It ‘a problem that is 
connected to waste management, namely, policies, methodologies for the management of the entire process of waste from 
their production to their final destination, involving, therefore, 
the phase of collection, transportation and treatment, up the 
use of waste materials.
The Consolidated environment, Part Four, describes the 
priorities in terms of waste management. However, it should 
be stressed that the prevention of waste is considered a 
priority action within the cycle of waste management. By the 
decree of October 7, 2013, the Ministry of Environment has 
adopted the National Programme for waste prevention. The 
objectives of the program are: 5% reduction of municipal 
waste production (GDP); 10% reduction in production waste 
periolosi (GDP); 5% reduction in the production of nonhazardous waste (GDP). Among the general measures of the 
program include the sustainable production, the Green Public 
Procurement. Though Italy you are working to bring forth a 
sustainable waste management, however, is not immune from 
illegal traffic of waste. It is an illegal activity of mafia-type 
criminal organizations. League environment, Italian environmental association has coined the term “ecomafia”. The report presented by ecomafia alloy environment, in 2007, spoke 
of a turnover in the waste cycle of about 23 billion Euros per 
year. The Report of 2009 alloy environment highlights how in 
Italy 20% of turnover Mafia refers to environmental crimes. 
The regions most affected by the problem are:
Campania, Puglia, Calabria, Sicily.
The illegal disposal of toxic waste involved, in particular, the 
Campania, hit by the global waste that occurred from 1994 
to 2009. Some parts of the region were known as: triangle 
of death (includes Acerra, Nola, Marigliano); land of fires (area 
located between the provinces of Naples and Caserta). These 
are areas in which it presents the dioxin pollution in soils, 
which introduces toxic substances in the food chain of animals 
and can even reach the man.
In general, according to the data emerging from the Report 
ecomafia League environment of 2013, around the illegal 
waste in Italy is 4, 1 billion euro per year of which 3.1 are 
derived from waste and one billion from contracts in the management of municipal solid waste in Campania, Calabria, Sicily, Puglia. The environmental offenses established in Italy in 
2013 amounted to 34 120 (93.5 crimes per day, 4 crimes per 
hour) (Legambiente, ecomafia, 2013).
Prof.Maria Pompó
docente di economia politica

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